A respiratory infection can be caused by either a virus or bacteria and is divided into two types. An upper respiratory tract infection is infections of the ears, nose, throat and sinuses, simply a common cold. Lower respiratory tract infections are infections of the trachea, bronchi and lung tissue. They are often more persistent and it may take a few weeks for you to fully recover.
Respiratory infections can cause various symptoms, such as a cold with cough, fever and sore throat that gets worse after four to five days, pain on deep inhalation, coughing up phlegm, shortness of breath without exertion, fever with chills or tremors, breathing problems, and dizziness and confusion.
You can get pneumonia for various reasons. The most common are bacteria or viruses. Pneumonia can affect one lung or both lungs. Pneumococcus is behind more than half of all pneumonias. Different viruses can also cause pneumonia. Some viruses that often cause pneumonia in adults are, for example, influenza virus and RS virus.
The respiratory tract infection usually heals on its own if it is caused by a virus. In the case of a bacterial infection, the most common treatment is antibiotics. Which medicine you receive depends on which bacteria has caused the respiratory infection.
Remote patient monitoring for respiratory infection
If you are being monitored for a respiratory infection, you will have a form sent to you in a mobile app where you must answer questions about symptoms of a respiratory infection. When you answer the form, the result is recorded in the app and automatically transferred to your healthcare caregiver. In the app, you can see previously answered questionnaires about respiratory infection. If the answer to the questionnaire shows that you have serious symptoms, your caregiver will be notified of this and can contact you for possible measures.